Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)

ADHD is a condition that affects a child’s ability to pay attention, sit still and demonstrate self-control.

There are 3 Subtypes of ADHD:

  • Hyperactive-impulsive type
  • Inattentive type
  • Combined type (both inattentive and hyperactive-impulsive)

What causes (ADHD)?

There is no single cause of ADHD and the development of ADHD is considered to be multi-factorial. Factors that ma be involved include:

  • Genetics and Neurophysiology
  • Brain injury
  • Lack of early parental attachment
  • Childhood trauma

Symptoms of ADHD:

  • Difficulty waiting and taking turns
  • Fidgeting
  • Excessive talking
  • Difficulty sitting and playing quietly
  • Interrupting others
  • Running and climbing in inappropriate situations
  • Failing to pay attention to details
  • Doesn’t listen when spoken to
  • Easily distracted
  • Forgetful
  • Difficulty following instructions

How can psychology and counselling help?

Psychologists can work with children to help them implement behavioural strategies to decrease the frequency of inattentive and hyperactive behaviours as well as cognitive strategies to examine children’s thoughts and feelings.